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Brain Cancer Specialist

Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute

Neurosurgeons located in Tulsa, Bartlesville, Sallisaw, Miami, & Claremore, OK

Brain cancer affects less than 1% of people in the United States. Though there are many types of brain cancer, treatment typically involves surgery to remove the malignant tumor. At Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute in Tulsa, Bartlesville, Sallisaw, Miami, and Claremore, Oklahoma, the skilled team of neurosurgeons specializes in the surgical treatment of brain cancer. To schedule an evaluation, contact the office by phone today.

Brain Cancer Q & A

What is brain cancer?

Brain cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the brain, creating a tumor. Brain cancer may develop in your brain (primary brain cancer) or spread to your brain from cancer that affects other parts of your body (metastatic brain cancer).

Though brain tumors are a serious medical concern, some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign). Malignant brain cancer means the abnormal cells are more likely to grow and invade other areas of your body. 

Though a benign brain tumor is less likely to spread, it can cause symptoms similar to brain cancer. 

What are the types of brain cancer?

There are many types of brain cancer. However, most malignant tumors are gliomas. These types of cancers develop from supportive brain cells and are classified based on cell type, such as:

  • Astrocytomas
  • Ependymomas
  • Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)
  • Medulloblastomas
  • Oligodendrogliomas

Hemangioblastomas and rhabdoid tumors are also types of brain cancer. 

Compared to benign brain tumors, malignant brain tumors grow quickly, aggressively invade other areas, and are more likely to recur. 

What are brain cancer symptoms?

Brain cancer symptoms vary depending on the type and location of the tumor. Common symptoms include:

  • Headaches (new or change in the usual type of headache)
  • Headache that worsens over time
  • Changes in vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of sensation in your extremities
  • Dizziness
  • Speech problems
  • Personality or behavior changes

These symptoms may occur whether your brain tumor is benign or malignant. If you’re experiencing these symptoms, contact Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute to schedule an evaluation.

What happens during a brain cancer evaluation?

The skilled team at Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute takes a patient-centered approach to care, and you can expect a comprehensive and compassionate exam when you come in for a brain cancer evaluation.

The team first reviews your symptoms and medical history. Then, they perform a physical and neurological exam and may request diagnostic imaging, such as an MRI, to determine the location and size of your brain cancer. 

They may also recommend a biopsy to determine brain cancer type. 

How is brain cancer treated?

Treatment for your brain cancer depends on the location and type. When feasible, the experienced neurosurgeons at Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute perform a craniotomy to remove the cancerous tissue. 

The neurosurgeons also offer Visualase® MRI-guided laser ablation, which uses thermal therapy to ablate (remove) the tumor. They also use the CyberKnife® System for brain tumor removal, which is a noninvasive robotic treatment system that uses targeted radiation therapy to treat the tumor.

Other treatments may include:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted drug treatment

Your provider schedules regular follow-up appointments to monitor you and your tumor, even after successful surgical removal, in case of recurrence.

Brain cancer is rare, and treatment varies. To learn more about brain cancer surgical options, contact Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute by phone today.