Your lower back carries the weight of your upper body and helps you rotate your hips. When an injury or condition affects your low back, it can lead to chronic pain. At Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute in Tulsa, Sallisaw, and Claremore, Oklahoma, a team of experienced neurosurgeons uses cutting-edge techniques to relieve pressure and pain from your lower back. If you’re struggling with lower back pain, call Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute to book an appointment.
The low back, or lumbar spine, consists of five vertebrae and numerous nerves, muscles, ligaments, and joints. The lumbar spine helps support your entire upper body while providing flexibility and mobility for your lower body. It allows your hips to flex and rotate comfortably.
Because the low back helps you bend and twist, it’s prone to injury and degenerative conditions that lead to lower back pain and even disability.
Most lower back pain is acute, meaning it should resolve itself in a few weeks, but if it lasts for three months or more, it can become a long-term chronic condition.
Many injuries and degenerative conditions can cause lower back pain, including:
A traumatic injury or severe muscle strain can lead to pain and inflammation in your back, while also compressing your spine.
Skeletal conditions, such as scoliosis, can cause the spine to curve or become deformed, leading to chronic lower back pain.
The discs in your spine provide cushion for your bony vertebrae. When the soft center in the middle of your disc pushes through the tough casing, it can put pressure on the nerves around it. This pressure and inflammation often lead to lower back pain, making it difficult to bend, twist, or sit for long periods of time.
The sciatic nerve runs from your lower back down the back of your leg. When this nerve becomes inflamed or compressed, it can lead to shooting back pain as well as tingling and weakness down the back of your thigh.
Degenerative conditions such as osteoporosis and arthritis can cause lower back pain. While osteoporosis leads to brittle bones, arthritis causes joint inflammation.
Spinal stenosis is a condition that causes your spinal canal to narrow over time, which puts pressure on your nerves.
How the team at Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute treats your lower back pain depends on the cause.
The practice offers a number of surgical and non-surgical treatments for lower back pain, including stem cell injections. Injecting stem cells into the site of your pain can help repair damage and reduce pain and inflammation.
Your provider can also place a spinal cord stimulation device underneath your skin to deliver electrical pulses to the spinal cord. This helps relieve chronic nerve pain in your back.
If you have a condition like spinal stenosis, your provider can perform a lumbar laminectomy, which removes a portion of the vertebrae to make room for the spine. Meanwhile, a lumbar fusion can connect two vertebrae in your spine to restrict their movement and prevent future injury.
For herniated discs that haven’t responded well to non-surgical steroid injections, such as an epidural, the team can remove your damaged disc and replace it with a state-of-the-art artificial disc.
If you suffer from lower back pain, call Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute today.