The pituitary gland controls the secretion of nearly all the hormones in your body. A tumor on this kidney-shaped gland can have devastating effects on many of your body’s most basic functions. At Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute in Tulsa, Sallisaw, and Claremore, Oklahoma, the team of neurosurgeons uses evidence-based methods to diagnose and treat pituitary tumors in your brain. To learn more, call Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute to schedule an appointment today.
The pituitary is a small gland at the base of the brain that sits directly behind your nose. Shaped like a kidney bean, the pituitary gland controls the secretion of many of the hormones in your body.
A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth that develops in the gland. These tumors can have significant effects on the way you look and feel. Some tumors can cause your pituitary gland to produce too many hormones, while others may inhibit hormone production.
While pituitary tumors require removal or medication to treat, they are almost always noncancerous and do not spread to other areas.
It’s possible to have a pituitary tumor with virtually no symptoms. Most patients experience headaches and vision changes. Other common symptoms of pituitary tumors include:
Another telltale sign of a pituitary tumor is a sudden change to your sense of smell.
The best way to diagnose a pituitary tumor is through a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test. Your Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute provider may also recommend blood and urine tests to determine whether you have any hormone changes.
Once you have a proper diagnosis, your Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute provider can find the right treatment for you. In most cases, removing the tumor is your best option for eliminating the growth and preventing recurrence. There are many types of surgery to remove a pituitary tumor.
Endonasal endoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive approach that removes the tumor through your nose and sinuses without cutting through the face or skull. Another minimally invasive procedure, called neuroendoscopic surgery, involves making a small incision in the skull to remove the tumor.
Should you need radiation, your provider may recommend the CyberKnife® System, which uses a state-of-the-art robotic device to deliver targeted radiation directly to your tumor.
If you’re not a candidate for minimally invasive procedures, your provider can perform a craniotomy. During this procedure, they make an incision in your scalp and remove a small piece of bone from your skull to remove the tumor. They then replace the bone and suture the incision.
Early intervention is essential for treating a pituitary tumor. To learn more, call Oklahoma Spine & Brain Institute to schedule an appointment.